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Conference Publication

On Efficient Approximate Queries over Machine Learning Models

CNRS, France
Sihem Amer-Yahia
Dujian Ding, Laks VS Lakshmanan
accepted in:
PVLDB 2023
Yet to be published
December 15, 2022
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The question of answering queries over ML predictions has been gaining attention in the database community. This question is challenging because the cost of finding high quality answers corresponds to invoking an oracle such as a human expert or an expensive deep neural network model on every single item in the DB and then applying the query. We develop a novel unified framework for approximate query answering by leveraging a proxy to minimize the oracle usage of finding high quality answers for both Precision-Target (PT) and Recall-Target (RT) queries. Our framework uses a judicious combination of invoking the expensive oracle on data samples and applying the cheap proxy on the objects in the DB. It relies on two assumptions. Under the Proxy Quality assumption, proxy quality can be quantified in a probabilistic manner w.r.t. the oracle. This allows us to develop two algorithms: PQA that efficiently finds high quality answers with high probability and no oracle calls, and PQE, a heuristic extension that achieves empirically good performance with a small number of oracle calls. Alternatively, under the Core Set Closure assumption, we develop two algorithms: CSC that efficiently returns high quality answers with high probability and minimal oracle usage, and CSE, which extends it to more general settings. Our extensive experiments on five real-world datasets on both query types, PT and RT, demonstrate that our algorithms outperform the state-of-the-art and achieve high result quality with provable statistical guarantees.

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